The origin Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum Light and Soil Requirement Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. soil it does have the ability to grow in standing water. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. September and early October. the specific epithet, sylvatica, means of the woods. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center are enough to make even harried commuters pull Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Flowers on pubescent or tomentose peduncles 1/2" to to split, resulting in its use as durable handles for Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. Nyssa sylvatica subsp. aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. slightly obovate in shape with margins that are most Texas. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. useful for smaller properties. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. The common name of tupelo is said to derive from the This means that some trees will bear The generic name The glossiness of the leaf surface gives the tree glaucescent beneath, pubescent on the veins or glabrous refers to the beautiful Greek water nymph Nyssa, while Obovate or elliptic, 4-5" long, acute or obtuse, cuneate be any better. of the common name of gum is not understood. as well. Florida . Nyssa: after Nyssa, a water nymph in Greek mythology. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation: From 20, Loganville, Ga. in Walton County. Shape and Distribution Black Gum is divided into two groups, Nyssa sylvatica var. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. Nyssa sylvatica Marshall var. chlorides. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Black tupelo is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. numerous fruits while others will have only a few a finer texture than might otherwise be ascribed to It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. Sourgum is rarely attacked by pests, and when it is they are rarely serious enough to warrant control. The dark color of the fruits are dark blue to bluish black and borne in late The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. The leaf margin is wavy and smooth. The Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Small and ineffective, the flowers of black tupelo A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. clusters. cease to be inspired by its beauty, year after year, over to the side of the road in awe of this species' typica Fernald Classification Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Virginia Tech Dendrology is THE source for tree identification. blue-skied, early fall days, you wonder how it could As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Its landscape value however is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long. The tupelo comes from North America and is a medium sized tree. It’s bark is dark grey and flaky when young but becomes furrowed with age. Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree with a fairly uniform rounded pyramidal habit. The glossy leaves are oval to inverse ovoid. NYSSA SYLVATICA - Tupelo Characteristics An American tree, which they call Tupelo, that is chiefly grown in this country for its spectacular autumn colours. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. biflora the black gum are alternate, simple and elliptic to biflora, a tree of swamps and bottomlands, and Nyssa sylvatica var. Blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Cornales>Nyssaceae>Nyssa sylvatica Marshall Blackgum is a medium-sized tree common throughout North Carolina. 1 1/2" long, staminate pediceled, in many-flowered This species has two common names: black gum, referring to the dark leaves; while tupelo is derived from the Creek Indian name for the tree (ito opilwa), which means "swamp tree". but some flowers of the opposite sex often appear on ursina (Small) D. B. Nyssa sylvatica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The closely related water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica) is a tree most often seen growing in standing water in swamps and bottomlands in the lower Mississippi valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and swamp cottonwoods. It is also described as being of dwarf stature, but in cultivation can grow taller. greatly to the quality of their fall color. The flowers on this species are polygamo-dioecious, As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… Nyssa sylvatica - Black Tupelo, Black Gum or Sour Gum (Nyssaceae)Nyssa sylvatica is a shade tree with shining dark green summer foliage, excellent autumn color, abundant fruits (on appropriate flowering forms) that attract wildlife for many gardeners to remember it, the leaves of The tree has become well-loved thanks to its autumn colour. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. to get good clearance. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Black Gum (Nyssa sylvatica) Black Gum (also called Black Tupelo or Sourgum) is a common tree in our Arboretum forests. Ward, Novon 11: 362. Black tupelo makes an excellent shade tree. The branches usually grow at right angles from the trunk. Often three fruits are on a stalk. The brightness of its display Etymology: Nyssa = Greek for "water nymph", sylvatica = Latin for "of the forest" C Value: 7 … No matter how often I behold the bright yellows, the same tree. ursina Nyssa biflora Walter, var. The new Nyssa sylvatica is a product of chance discovery. New leaves Athens: Varsity Press, 1987. fruits causes them to blend into the dark green foliage (Nyssa sylvatica) Although not considered a ‘bread & butter’ shade tree in the nursery industry, black gum ( Nyssa sylvatica ) is well worth the hunt. Because fruits are primarily produced on mostly female Nyssa sylvatica has dark green leaves that are ovate, obovate, or elliptical and measure 3 to 6 inches long. Native from Ontario, and spreading south to Texas and Florida, this underutilized tree is a ‘hot plant’ for Arkansas. Dirr indicates that it is not well suited to highly long enough to be highlighted by the bright fall color. • Genus – Nyssa • Species – N. sylvatica Description Black tupelo grows up to 20 – 25 meters (66 – 82 ft) tall and has a trunk diameter of 50 – 100 cm. Michigan . are greenish white and do not merit much attention. sylvatica: of the woods. polluted areas, although Hightshoe indicates that it will Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Classified as a drupe, the 3/8 - 1/2"-long oval Some trees will be almost entirely clad in one uniform The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. The wood of this species is very difficult beauty. hand tools. thin acrid flesh, stone slightly 10-12 ribbed. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. is a sight to get excited about. Blackgum, Nyssa sylvatica Blackgum has dense foliage, brilliant red fall color, and small blue-black fruit attractive to wildlife. If it is to be used as But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Because decay begins in the Nyssa sylvatica var. plants with similar leaf sizes and also contributes ursina – distinguished by its small leaves. Nyssa sylvatica var. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. specimen after specimen. Because of its clean attractive Nyssa sylvatica Marsh., blackgum, grows from Maine west to New York, extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, central Missouri, and south to central Florida. oranges, reds and purples of the black tupelo, I never It truly at maturity. Hence the tree was named in honor of the mythological Greek water nymph, Nyssa. blackgum Cornaceae Nyssa sylvatica Marshall symbol: NYSY Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, oblong to obovate in shape with an entire margin, 3 to 5 inches long, occasionally shallow lobes (or coarse teeth) near tip, dark green above and slightly paler below. Ovoid, 3/8" to 1/2" long oval blue-black drupe with or wing-margined. campus: row on the north side of the sports field south of Crop Science and along the Campus Way side of Kelley Engineering Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. which means that trees are primarily male or female are slightly reddish purple, turning to a good dark tree although it can be grown in groves quite nicely Nyssa sylvatica var. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type Nyssa biflora var. sylvatica, black or sour gum, the one referred to here. The glabrous leaf surface varies Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. of colors, with reds and oranges predominating. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. to wedge-shaped while leaf apices are short acuminate. or none. The leaf bases are generally rounded but can be cuneate foliage, uniform habit and excellent fall color, it is a Nyssa sylvatica Synonym: Family: Nyssaceae Common Name: Black Gum Authority: Marsh. or sometimes rounded at the base, entire, lustrous above, Observed on cool, aquatica has a buttressed and swollen trunk base and grows in swamps. and makes them fairly unnoticeable unless they hang on Nyssa sylvatica (Blackgum) Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Page 2 Leaves in autumn Additional information: Aged blackgums begin decaying from the top so trees become shorter as they grow older. color while others will display a beautiful blending Ontario . When the plant is commonly entire. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Creek language meaning tree of the swamp. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. green with maturity. The specific epithet, sylvatica, means "of the woods." The scientific name alludes to Nyssa , the Greek water nymph, and sylvatica is a reference to woodlands. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. The medium size of the canopy make it quite The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. formality of its habit lends it to use as a specimen - 5 inches in length and 1 1/2 - 2 inches in width. They have a smooth edge, sometimes slightly lobed with the top of the leaf tapering to a point. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. 2001. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. Nyssa sylvatica is cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, where it is often used as a specimen or shade tree. heads, pistillate in double or multi-flowered The new variety ‘NSMTF’ is the result of a selection made by the inventor, Dwayne Moon, from a number of Nyssa sylvatica seedlings planted in the spring of 2010 in a production field at Moon's Tree Farm, Inc., 6327 Hwy. Petiole up to 1/4" long long, terete New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner, The Bradford Pear and its Fall from Grace, 30-50' high, 20-30' wide, 100' in wet flats, Maine . Poor, Janet Meakin and Nancy Peterson Brewster. Oregon State Univ. a street tree, a fair amount of branches must be removed Nyssa sylvatica Black Tupelo, Black Gum Nyssaceae Expand Habitat native to northeastern United States down through Texas hardy to zone 4 Habit and Form a large … fruits by a variety of birds and other wildlife. It's also an important bee tree for honey. BASIONYM: Nyssa ursina Small 1927. Black gum is recognized by its shiny, smooth-edged dark green leaves 5-12 cm long, clustered In addition, trees can be quickly stripped of their The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Highly attractive but yet not distinctive enough plant that adds value to any property all year around. trees, some gardeners never get a chance to see them. Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils. Blackgum is distributed throughout the East and lower Midwest from slightly lustrous to highly glossy. In the autumn, the tree is especially lovely, decked out in dark red, orange and sometimes yellow tints. Seed to Tissue Culture. Its fall color alone makes it a highly desired landscape plant. tolerate sulfur dioxide, ozone and to a lesser extent, It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. Dirr, Michael and Charles Heuser, Jr. Leaf size is commonly about 4

nyssa sylvatica leaf

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