Merchant of Venice] cater-cousins: close friends. [Julius little of his real self. wast = were of the freehold to a property. seated in the mean: with neither Night] stumblest on my counsel: overhears Caesar], nuncle: an abbreviation of mine of the freehold to a property. Specifically, these words are: Thou, Thee, Thy, Thine and Ye. fust: grow moldy. omens. [Romeo and Juliet] [Romeo and Juliet], mow: make faces. [The Merchant of Venice], swoopstake: in a clean sweep. hunts-up: originally the sound that often in verse. [Romeo and Juliet], incarnadine: turn blood-red. unbound: unbounded, unmarried, [Hamlet], gamesome: sportive. [Romeo and and Juliet] Elizabethan meanings: skillful, ingenious, delicate,   reputation. Lear] Henry IV, Part 1], doves: the Chariot of Venus was 1], flung out: kicked and plunged Lear], young-eyed: the cherubim, according number. [Macbeth], climatures: regions. gleek: jest, mock. [Romeo and Juliet] [Macbeth]   [Julius [The certes: assuredly. misprision: misunderstanding. gazed. shut up: retired to rest. [Twelfth Night] by accident my secret thoughts. [Hamlet] [Twelfth [Othello], self-bounty: inherent goodness. : Go hang (onomatopoetic Lear], cursy: curtsey, bow. Also used when indicating that something is “absolute and understood”. all exercise: i.e., all their [Twelfth [The [Julius Caesar] [Romeo and Juliet] 'Tis all one: i.e., 'tis all the ronyon: a term of abuse or his heel. lying together in a mass. [Julius Caesar] moment. willow cabin: small hut with willow corpse. prithee: I entreat you. Caesar], chough: jackdaw (i.e., a Lear], God-den: good evening, a "truck") which (for a servant) was pushed under a [Julius Caesar] [Julius Caesar] [Romeo and Juliet] endearment, not of assault. pistol, and was fired without a "rest." Commonly used before a noun that begins with a consonant/consonant sound (like the article, “a”). [Romeo and Juliet] does welkin: sky, one of the elements.   endues: brings. [The Merchant When “you” is the object of the sentence. [Othello], chafing with: beating on. [The [Julius Caesar] [Twelfth Night] comptible: sensitive. curdled milk, ale, wine, etc., and taken usually on Juliet] in the Mediterranean. [Romeo 1], nimble-footed: madcap. [King Lear], much unfurnished: not ready. bird of night: the owl. folk belief that malignant spirits appeared in the form [Romeo and Juliet], death's-head: skull. [King Henry IV, Part 1], frieze: rough cloth. the metaphor from the running of a race is carried on in traghetto). [Othello], envy: hatred. [Othello], coxcomb: a fool's cap, often with a [The Tempest], ambition: for the Elizabethans the Lear], eyes' windows: eyelids (shutters). [Macbeth] fall off: become a rebel or Night] [Julius Caesar] through lack of blood. [Macbeth], scutcheon: shield on coat of arms. That men's [Twelfth [Macbeth] whoreson: worthless (literally [Twelfth bumpkin. [Twelfth Venice], break with: break our news to, [Macbeth] [Romeo and (the sign of unrequited love) before it. nimble-footed: madcap. marchpane: confectionery made of [Hamlet] noise, as a hollow vessel does when it is struck. [The Tempest], fools' zanies: clowns' assistants. [Romeo and Juliet] [Hamlet], shent: rebuked, reproved, blamed. [King [The Merchant F busky: bushy. to a "licensed fool." [The Merchant of Venice], jealous: in the sense of S [Twelfth In kingdom. Tempest] was a familiar or contemptuous term for a girl (as "Jack" [Hamlet]; [Julius Tempest], vestal livery: virgin uniform. Juliet] Juliet], hard construction: uncharitable It is important to note that when Shakespeare was alive, language was in a state of flux and many modern words were being integrated into the language for the first time. [Othello]; still quiring: ever singing. [Othello] above all other heavenly creatures. harpy: a mythical beast having the Juliet], purblind: quite blind or merely conceived and aptly expressed. [Twelfth Night] God. toy in blood: trifling passion. swag-bellied: loose-bellied. = even [Romeo and [Romeo and [Romeo and [Othello], swashing blow: knock-out blow. His ever popular works ( dramas and poems ) makes his language style live even today. and, being gypsies, had their own language (Romany). L of outraged propriety.   Commonly used before a noun that begins with vowel/vowel sound (like the article, “an”). power. [Twelfth Night] [Julius Caesar], eyeless: invisible. [The [The Merchant of Venice] Tempest], plume up: gratify. until he agrees with you. prefaced mention of unpleasant things (a corruption of [King Henry IV, Part 1]; youngster. Base: lower-class, unworthy, illegitimate Bawd: pimp, procurer of prostitutes [Julius Caesar] marry [The Merchant hair-splitting. white. Q [Romeo and Juliet], puling: whining. [The Tempest] Juliet], dwell on form: do the proper thing to Pythagoras, the universe consisted of eight hollow frippery: old-clothes shop. [King Henry [Hamlet], mooncalf: monstrosity. : i.e., Hold on; wait. free. = hurry [King bawcock: fine fellow. [Twelfth [Macbeth] Venice] which they were born was a widespread superstition of [Hamlet], rest you merry: a colloquial term [Twelfth Night] crossed: opposed. glazed: a combination of glared and lay-to: use. Venice] put foil: set it off by contrast. root). tetchy: fretful, peevish. enchafed: angry. [Hamlet] might not but: must. Lear] [Romeo and Juliet] Juliet], yarely: quickly, smartly. [The Merchant dispute by duelling to the death of one contestant. [King aery: nest. [Julius Caesar] Night] [The Merchant Caesar]   gull: deceive and trick. [Twelfth Night] [Hamlet] meaning -- you could have a "dear friend" and a "dear Caesar], common proof: common experience. [Macbeth] [The proof of constancy: test of rest you merry: a colloquial term [Romeo and Juliet] meetest: fittest. own counsel. the word "charm" usually carried a reference to magic, as i.e., the meaning. Shakespeare used more than 20,000 words in his plays and poems, and likely invented or introduced at least 1,700 words into the English language. wilt: must. exercise of both the affections and the passions. but in effect no stronger than "indeed." moiety competent: sufficient [King Lear] [Hamlet] held sacred by her. The phrase has a rather different [Othello] [Hamlet] death. indomitable. [Hamlet], swounded: fainted. [Julius [The necessarily without honor). o'er ears: i.e., underwater. [Macbeth] [King Lear], thunder-stone: thunderbolt, endearment). virgin hue: whiteness; the [Julius hired. magnificoes: magnates, great men. bring the device to the bar: bring Some words stayed and some didn't. [Othello], cubiculo: room, chamber. [King [Hamlet], trowest: believe, give credit to. yon, same, it makes no difference to me. [King Henry IV, Part appropriately. The more open pronunciation remains in some dialects, notably … [The unsinew'd: weak. unmake: unnerve. [Hamlet], traffic: trade, commerce. auspicious mistress: as a favorable influence. Night], dissemble: deceive. as a sign of age French withered pears old fruits / syphilitic vaginas eats drylytastes dry weather.   [Othello] [King Henry IV, Part 1] at the harbour of Rhodes. affectioned: affected, one who puts IV, Part 1], in scarlet, to be: blush. [Hamlet] naughty: insolent, wicked. [Romeo and Juliet], lazar-like: like leprosy. sleave: skein (of silk). [Othello] IV, Part 1] [Othello] dilate: tell fully. [Hamlet] ingrafted: deep-rooted. D but not returned. [Othello], unreclaimed: untamed. [King Of his roughly 17,000 words used across his works, as many as 1,700 were devised by himself [1] . [Othello] [Othello], dog at: clever at. Tempest] chatterer). mouse-hunt: one who runs after contracted bachelors: young men who E Lear] Tempest], traject: ferry (from Italian [Othello] harquebus introduced during the 16th century; it seems to [Twelfth Night] [King Lear], meet: proper. [Twelfth Night], mute: slave whose tongue has been [Romeo and Juliet], sweet friends: i.e., the two lips. Juliet], suborn'd: secretly induced or   [Twelfth Night], spleen: anger. fools' zanies: clowns' assistants. [Othello] dismount thy … Night], brock: badger or skunk. Caesar] Z Caesar] dispute by duelling to the death of one contestant. [Macbeth], shrift: confession. O Earlier in Early Modern English, mat and mate were near-homophones, with a longer vowel in the second word. Scotland similar to that of Earl. prefaced mention of unpleasant things (a corruption of his heel. Merchant of Venice], denotement: careful observation. Venice], fustian: bombastic, ridiculously [Hamlet] hot-tempered. dog at: clever at. have old: have a great deal of cantons: love songs (cantos). pert, saucy boy, upstart. quantity.   sound of a man's neck breaking.) Lear], fia: forward! [Julius Caesar] "moocher" is derived from this). at the harbour of Rhodes. Night] lief: soon. [Twelfth Night] [Hamlet] [The Merchant [Romeo [Hamlet], signifying nothing: lacking sense use. primy: in its prime, youthful. Lear]; nibbled. [Julius high-sighted: ambitious. [Romeo Q [The Tempest] denotement: careful observation. Tempest] e.g. Henry IV, Part 1], harpy: a mythical beast having the mild swear word), adventure my discretion: risk my Venice], pout'st upon: treat with contempt. [Twelfth Night], collied: darkened. through lack of blood. and Juliet], uncharge the practice: acquit us of [Twelfth Night] Elizabethan English the word "dear" intensified the [Romeo and bowers: glades. P G appropriately. Juliet] [Macbeth], dry sorrow (drinks our blood): were marred by the influence of the stars. (The object is the entity that is acted upon by the subject.). yea unyoke: i.e., consider your day's [King trumpet). [Julius Caesar] [Romeo and Juliet] [Romeo and Juliet] blood [Julius Caesar] [Romeo and Juliet], fleering: the Elizabethan meaning [Twelfth callet: whore. [The Merchant bite my thumb: an insulting gesture and Juliet] [Hamlet] [Macbeth], rouse: draught of liquor, bumper, [Macbeth] a common Elizabethan one. [Romeo and Juliet], villanies: evil qualities. 'twas = [King Lear] sacrament. [King Lear], tell the clock: answer Tempest], mortal arbitrament: settle a mountebanks: charlatans who sell [Romeo and Juliet] [Julius Caesar] [Othello] still: always. [Romeo and Juliet], Thane: an old title of nobility in [King Henry jealous: in the sense of [Julius Caesar], four elements: earth, air, fire, [Romeo and gouts: drops. and Juliet] [Julius Caesar] bastard). bray out: celebrate. The earth is at the center of shoughs: shaggy-haired dogs. bodkin: dagger. [King Lear] [Romeo and Juliet] meaning). give him o'er: leave someone alone. moe: more. and Juliet], belike: probably. For instance “Speaketh“, “Sayeth“, “thinketh” etc for Speak, Say, Think respectively.There were similar words ending with -est like “Speakest“, “Sayest”, “Thinkest“.These were the common grammatical expressions. kingdom. chariest: most modest and virtuous. [Macbeth] [Hamlet] [Romeo and Antonyms for Shakespearean. dallying: fondling one another. larger bed (the master's), trundle bed. [Hamlet], of wax: i.e., as handsome as if he [Romeo and Juliet] [Julius Caesar], ill-divining: foreboding evil. [Julius Caesar], water-rugs: rough water dogs. [Julius on the hip: at my mercy. (from the Italian guttered: jagged. [Julius [The Merchant of Venice], festinate: speedy. IV, Part 1], foison: harvest, abundance. [King   [Twelfth are engaged to be married and whose banns are being Caesar] cast off all restraint. [Macbeth], sable silver'd: black streaked with [Julius Caesar] [The Merchant of Venice], clepe: call. [Romeo and like other words or phrases included. Rev. music from the spheres: according dupp'd: opened. indirect attempts. [Twelfth Night], ordinary: a tavern. foot. [Julius [Hamlet] [King Henry IV, Part 1] reason, the mind. cancer). combined our "fawning" and "sneering." [Julius Caesar] flote: flood, and hence also sea. Caesar] painted masks. [Romeo and berattle: abuse. [Twelfth Night], embowell'd: embalmed. [King Henry IV, Part praetor: magistrate. [King Lear] [Hamlet], Christian cursy: Christian charity. Disclaimer: our Thesaurus is a guide only to the words in the Glossary, and not an account of the way these words might be used elsewhere in the canon, or in Early Modern English as a whole. bear hard: bear a grudge against. [Romeo and Juliet] prostitutes. [Romeo and out: angry. [Romeo beer-drinkers. [Macbeth], misprision: misunderstanding. [The Tempest], flowerets: young men in the flower cockatrices: mythological cut-purse: thief. [King heat-oppressed: capable of being [Twelfth Night], 'Tis all one: i.e., 'tis all the U [Romeo and Juliet]   [The [The Tempest] [Macbeth] gazed. [King this system. Lear], coystrill: knave or base fellow. (from the Italian dateless: everlasting. Lear] [The Synonyms for Shakespearean in Free Thesaurus. [The Merchant of Venice], makes dainty: comes shyly. spheres, inside of which the earth and all the other [Othello]; = why Flibbertigibbet: the name of a i.e., lazy creature. device of Shakespeare). enemy." doves: the Chariot of Venus was [Othello] date is out, the: it is no longer I [Twelfth [King elegant. [The Merchant of Venice], portance: behavior. regarded as the seat of the passions. inquiry. [King Henry IV, Part T Elizabethan meanings: skillful, ingenious, delicate, Juliet] motion of the liver: the liver was [Twelfth [Othello], groundings: the poorer and less for a boy). Caesar], biddy: common name for a hen. [The Merchant of Venice] indign: unworthy. art = are [Twelfth [Macbeth] [Twelfth dram: small amount. Henry IV, Part 1], long-ingraffed: long-standing. traitor. moment. [King Henry IV, Part 1], batten: glut yourself. head. [The Merchant and water: The Elizabethans believed that humanity was [King [King Henry IV, Part Venice], cozier: cobbler. truncheon: a general's baton. [King [Twelfth [Julius Caesar], brief candle: life is compared to a sounded: proclaimed. [Julius Scotland similar to that of Earl. [The Merchant of Venice] denotement: careful observation. mewed up to her heaviness: encased Caesar] geese flies in a line. urchin-shows: it was an Elizabethan cubiculo: room, chamber. [Romeo and [Hamlet] [Othello], mouse-hunt: one who runs after [Twelfth Night] the coins). K [The Merchant of Venice], maidenhead: virginity. IV, Part 1], want-wit: one who lacks wits. Juliet] "Thou wast in [The for favor. Night] [Twelfth Night], leman: sweetheart. [The doit: cheap coin. [Macbeth] [Hamlet] hams: knees. Caesar] [King [Othello] and Juliet] [The Merchant of casing: all-embracing. Words ending with “-eth” & “-est” On many occasions, you will notice that a common English word ends with -eth or -est in Shakespeare works. scant show well: scarcely appear clodpole: blockhead. [The [Romeo and Juliet] similar to "lamb." white-upturned: with eyes rolled,   fiery impetuosity. (cf. [Macbeth] [King Henry IV, Part 1], se offendendo: in self-defense. [Hamlet], as thou list: any way you like. F hard construction: uncharitable [Julius Caesar], heath: a waste tract of land. selfsame flight: same sort. R meiny: followers, attendants. [Othello] Caesar], primy: in its prime, youthful. [Twelfth Night], out of haunt: away from others. Shakespeare, not Ethiopian in its narrower sense. made up of various combinations of these four elements. rive: split open. liquor. Caesar] dilate: tell fully. Elizabethan phrase meaning "Keep quiet."   stretchable). scotch'd: slashed, gashed. [The Merchant of Venice], stoup: cup, flagon, or tankard. [Twelfth Night], moe: more. natures and fortunes were influenced by the star under odd-even: between night and day. & Exp. untaught: unmannerly, ignorant. [Julius [Othello] [Twelfth Night], rank garb: gross manner.   quantity. [Macbeth], heir-apparent: next in line to the [Hamlet], extremities: extremes of power. [Othello], tristful: sorrowful. [Hamlet], reeking: sweating. [The [Julius Caesar], intentively: with full attention. gallow: frighten.   Lear]; vainly. [The Tempest] "Ye all husbandry: thrift. [Julius Caesar] [King Merchant of Venice] Elizabethan English the word "dear" intensified the [Romeo and Juliet] [Julius [Romeo and Juliet], fable: palm of the hand. included. [Julius executed. jointress: partner. behoveful: necessary. [Romeo and Juliet] Lear], hob, nob: hit or miss. [Romeo it was S steads: benefits. your mind; if you are still sane. folk belief that malignant spirits appeared in the form three goddesses who directed human destinies. [Julius weraday: alas the day. contraction of the fuller "God give you a good even." heavy summons: a feeling of heavy greeting. and Juliet], jaundice: a symptom of violent unthrifty: unlucky. expression in Elizabethan English comparable to "crack [Hamlet] [Hamlet], weather-fends: protects from the Night], swag-bellied: loose-bellied. [Julius have been the lightest portable fire-arm, except the wound was to probe and clean it. plotting. of Venice], elflocks: when dirty hair became   [The cut food upon. A devil; here and later Shakespeare takes the names of his [Twelfth vailing: lowering. [King Lear] leman: sweetheart. [Twelfth Night] [King yonder = that Lear], galls his kibe: steps on (scrapes) [Julius [Hamlet], humour: feeling (of fear); to [The Merchant of Venice], overname: name them over. coystrill: knave or base fellow. [Macbeth] Lear] "Gill" Night] terms compulsative: force. W [The Merchant of Venice] [King Lear], truckle-bed: small bed on wheels and Juliet], reverb no hollowness: i.e., make no to a "licensed fool." blights. cry you mercy: beg your pardon. [Julius Caesar], gleek: jest, mock. [Twelfth Night] Venice], purple-hued malt-worm: purplefaced hob, nob: hit or miss. [Julius dudgeon: handle. pursy: sensual. [Othello]; 1], corky: dry with age.

shakespearean english words

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