Jolene Hansen is a lifelong gardening enthusiast and former horticulture professional. The leaves of the silver maple resemble the five-pointed leaves of other maples. Winter freezing and thawing caused the trunk to split on this maple. The tree can easily live for 100 years and have been known to live for 130 years. She is passionate about reshaping the way people experience gardens and gardening. The fast-growing silver maple can quickly became a high-maintenance nuisance for owners of homes and businesses. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. It tolerates pollution well, making it a favorite urban tree… This is a gift not a curse. No worries there! As young silver maples mature, their thin, smooth bark thickens. None of the other trees seem to be affected by the moss and lichen. Since both the silver maple tree and red maple tree are common landscaping trees probably the best place to buy them would be your local nursery. Shredded leaves is amazing fertility for the soil. Its primary favorable characteristics—shade and fast growth—lend themselves to future problems with this species. The roots are also known to invade septic fields and damage well pipes, requiring costly replacements or repair. The silver maple is an ornamental tree, that is preferred for its fast growth rate and adaptability to urban conditions. The silvery appearance of the leaves is very apparent during a moderate wind. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. Identifying Acer saccharinum by leaf, bark, flowers, samaras and shape. Silver maple, (Acer saccharinum), large, spreading tree, of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), popular as a rapid-growing shade tree. Young silver maples lack the foliage needed to shade their thin bark. Since it is fast growing, the wood is softer and more brittle than that of a slow-growing hardwood tree. The large, rounded seeds are also eaten by squirrels during early spring when other food sources are sparse. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. Native to eastern North America, it is widely cultivated elsewhere. Green arrow indicates It can recover from flooding and does well in poor, rocky soils. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple… Moisture keeps silver maples healthy and hydrated during temperature extremes, and helps prevent sunscald from leaving young bark split and peeling away from wounds. The cankers of this fungus will look like small shallow depressions on the bark with warts in the center of ea… I planted a Silver Maple away from my well, septic system, and house, but it is close to the pipe that comes from the well into the house. The tree requires ample lighting but provides excellent shade as the leaves grow densely. Whitewashing acts as a sunscreen until the canopy matures enough to do the work. Ruby Horse Chestnut: The bark of this tree is dark greenish-grey and it is smooth to touch. How should I loosen the dirt is this all roots? Permanent dark staining is seen when the bleeding sap dries. Sometimes a maple or other hardwoods can drop bark. I can tell from the leaves on the ground it is not a silver maple. The silver maple tree is the fastest growing type of maple, making it ideal for planting in landscaping projects. It generally grows 50 to 80 feet tall, though a 10-year-old sapling will stand approximately 25 feet tall. Great care is required when mowing the grass lawn growing at the base of the silver maple, as mower blades will likely strike the protruding roots. At first, it is smooth but as it ages, it develops longish grooves. Unless your silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is young or recently injured, don't be worried about its peeling bark. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. Cynthia, nitrogen fertilizers will cause more green leafy growth. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. The fungus takes control of the tree when the tree suffers ongoing weakness brought on from maple tree decline. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Growth Rate This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. Deer and rabbits browse on the foliage, and the bark is sometimes consumed by beavers. Silver maples rely on their canopies of foliage to protect their bark from the sun. For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. While it can be an excellent tree for landscaping, it also presents some undesirable characteristics. I pulled the loose section off, down to a firmer section. It grows to 18 metres (60 feet)—higher under favourable conditions—with a short, stout trunk and Q: Over the last couple of years, our Norway and Sunset maples have developed long, vertical splits in the bark. Regarding leaves being a burden, mow them into your grass. The silver maple tree can become a real nuisance for a homeowner or business owner. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. Bark: On young trees the bark can appear to be light brown and smooth. Maple trees can decline for a variety of reasons. The outer layers eventually stop actively growing. Hansen's work appears regularly in consumer and trade publications, as well as numerous internet gardening and lifestyle channels. Also, I was told to give the tree a granular insecticide, but not until the fall....Help!!! Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. The bark is smooth on the branches and younger trees. It holds its leaves longer than most other trees. The tendency for silver maples to develop trunk cavities leads them to be a common shelter and breeding si… The dense foliage that provides shade in the hot summer months demands late fall raking clean-up. Maple trees hold the wisdom of balance, promise, love, longevity, money, and practical magick. In the case of healthy bark, only the outermost layer splits. Did some research, and was told to give it fertilizer, which I did, and the leaves are worse than ever. The real difference is that the Red Maple has lighter and smoother bark then the Sugar Maple. It appears my silver maple has a strong odor like cat urine - normal??? Also the Red Maple has a bitter sap as compared to the Sugar Maple. Plant these small trees where you can admire the spectacular patterned bark. This article will examine the pros and cons of silver maples and the extensive care they require. The black pustules eventually grow together as the fungus spreads and forms a solid black layer over the bark's surface. When the twig is scraped or broken, a strong foul odor can be detected. The buckling bark down low and different appearance up higher is kind of normal for one type of maple probably red or sugar. Silver Maple Tree. It is commonly used for shade, but careful planning and estimation should be used when planting near homes or other permanent structures. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. A yard tree could have been something not found in the local forest but purchased. Keeping your silver maple healthy and protected helps ensure any shedding bark merely adds to your tree's ornamental appeal. This species has become over planted. In the meantime, the tree continues to produce new bark layers underneath and to rapidly increase in size. Never remove more than 20 percent of the canopy at any time. The trees have small leaves not big like Norway maples and they do not appear to be very healthy. Speckled Alder: A Speckled Alder tree has a grey bark … Growing up to 36 inches per year, silver maples approach heights of 100 feet and have 50-foot spreads. The undersides of the leaves are much lighter than the tops and can shimmer like silver when wind ruffles the leaves, giving Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) its common name. These splits can be as much as … I am new to the Portland area and have several maple trees on my new property that have a lot of moss and lichen on the maple trees. Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple, creek maple, silverleaf maple, soft maple, large maple, water maple, swamp maple, or white maple, is a species of maple native to the eastern and central United States and southeastern Canada. Silver maple leaves and bark Silver Maple Acer saccharinum (dasycarpum) The silver or soft maple is most common on moist land and along streams. Never use enamel or exterior paint, even latex, or your well-intentioned efforts can cause irreversible damage to your silver maple tree. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. That rapid growth contributes to silver maple's exfoliating bark. The tree remains protected by healthy inner layers, while long strips of silvery outer bark shed and reveal reddish brown bark beneath. ), oak, or pine tree, it’s probably just growing. Named for its unique, striped bark, snakebark maple is a relatively compact type of maple tree, making it a great choice for small backyards. It can be found on stream banks and floodplains and is a common component of the bottomland forests. The silver maple tree (Acer saccharinum) is one the most common trees of North America. The tree is over 30 years old and appears healthy. The bark is smooth on the branches and younger trees. It's similar to a balloon, which can only take so much internal pressure before something gives. The seeds of silver maple are the largest of any native maple and are a food source for variety of birds and small mammals, including evening grosbeaks, finches, wild turkeys, ducks, squirrels and chipmunks. Maple Decline Information. Downed branches are common and a regular chore to dispose of. Silver Maple tree identification. A Landscaper's Dream. But if you see these other signs, your tree needs a bit more help: This maple tree loves full-sun, and even partial-shade conditions. If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. That expansion forces the outer bark, now hard and inflexible, to develop furrows and ridges. Silver Maple: You can tell you’re gazing at a Silver Maple tree when you see a gray-brown bark, slit. I have a silver maple, and I am so unhappy with it. University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Maple -- Acer spp. These cankers can become slimy after rain or dew. We have a silver maple that is 30 years old... it seem to have a fungi growing on it, the leaves are dying and the branches are getting green spots all over it.... some of the branches have died.. what to do??? Occasionally, this fungus will also appear as red balls on the bark of the maple tree. The bark is smooth, light gray on young trees; it eventually separates into irregular rows of long, scaly, ashy colored plates on older trees. My silver maple tree had a landscape timber box around the base with a ground cover planted in it for about 8 years. Most maple are susceptible, but urban trees need special care to prevent stress factors that cause decline. When mature, they separate and whirl down from the tree on a single "wing.". The tree was infected by Phytophthora cactorum. bark.split.mapleH.jpg. Like a crab shedding its too-tight shell, a tree must shed its old bark ‘shell’ to make room for the new, larger tree … Name: Acer pectinatum Forrestii Your tree is not a silver maple, which has distinctive silvery leaf backs. The silver maple and red maple are hardy, deciduous trees that grow in a wide range of soil types in the Eastern U.S. and Southeast Canada. If it’s an ash, maple (other than silver, of course! Silver Maples can be identified based on the following characteristics: Why is the Bark Coming Off My Japanese Lace Leaf Maple Tree? Their roots grow aggressively, often wreaking havoc underground. The faster trees grow, the weaker their structure. Paint your tree's trunk from 1 inch below the soil line to at least 2 feet up the trunk. Maples, Silver Maple Tree Trunk Showing Bark of the Silver Maple Tree, we have many Images of Maple Trees If it is smooth to the touch, gray or gray-brown in color and the tree is relatively young, it might be any one of a number of common maples, including red, Norway, sugar or silver maple. The Maple tree was of importance to the Algonquian tribes of the north-western United States and western Canada, who developed the art of processing Maple sap into Maple sugar, Maple syrup, and taffy candy. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. Silver maple is also called soft maple because of the relative weakness of its wood. Cankers can be found up to 8 feet above the soil line. Images of a silver maple tree. The Bark Is Splitting on My Autumn Blaze Maple Tree. Looking at the leaf and bark will usually give you a good indication of at least part of the parent stock, from which you can consult other … It is one of the most common trees in the United States.. Valsa canker This disease of maple trunks will normally affect only young trees or small branches. What Kind of Bark Does a Persimmon Tree Have? As the tree matures, however, the trunk bark becomes rough and has a shaggy appearance. Fungal pathogens are opportunistic microorganisms that cannot easily penetrate a tree’s outer bark. Keeping your silver maple in optimal health helps prevent unnatural peeling. Silver maple bark, fruit, leaf, and twig. Mature silver maples naturally shed their bark, a process many people find attractive. The fungal disease causes black fruiting structures to cover the tree's bark. The Silver Maple is a rapidly growing tree and, like the Red Maple, is able to thrive in a wide variety of soils and climates. It can recover from flooding and does well in poor, rocky soils. They can be distinguished by differences in their size, leaves, fruits, bark and fall color. Use only white interior latex paint, mixed with equal parts of water. Here is a brief overview about this tree and its uses. As the trees get older the bark gets darker and rougher. Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Silver Maple: Acer Saccharinum. Question: What is the life span of a silver maple? The silver maple grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 35–50' at maturity. Extra protection is welcome when your young tree has a southern or southwestern exposure, or recent pruning leaves a tree's bark exposed. The leaves are constantly falling, and I rake every single day. While shedding is a natural process for a healthy silver maple, injuries can cause splitting and premature peeling of bark. The root system of the tree grows shallow and will result in an uneven lawn. Silver maples grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9, and do best in full to part sun with acidic soil kept consistently moist -- even wet. University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Whitewashing Trunks, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach: Shedding Bark. The silver maple (acer saccarinum) is a fast-growing, hardy tree that can grow as tall as 100 feet. Other Important Facts: The Norway Maple is imported from Europe. But if that breeze picks up to a forceful wind, the tree's weak branches and twigs often come tumbling down. The tree is easily damaged on windy days and does not fare well in heavy snow or when coated in ice by freezing rain. Answer: The life span of a silver maple will possibly surprise you! As long as there’s healthy bark underneath the peeling layers, your tree is OK. The seeds grow in a pair of "wings." A fungal infection of the soil that penetrates a tree’s roots, verticillium wilt takes … The lack of branch strength results from silver maple's rapid growth rate. This pipe is buried six feet down. Here are a few reasons why silver maples can often be a nuisance: This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Verticillium Wilt. It transplants easily and grows most rapidly in a moist area, often in wet areas where nothing else, save a willow, will grow. Adverse conditions can cause a maple tree so much stress that it no longer thrives. Birch, silver maple, and sycamore trees shed bark as a kind of charming eccentricity. Like all maple trees, it has a five-pointed leaf and produces a prolific amount of seeds in the early spring. There you should be able to find those varieties that are mature and ready for your yard. As the tree matures, however, the trunk bark becomes rough and has a shaggy appearance. Last fall, a section of bark loosened and fell away from the trunk. The leaves themselves are silvery white on the bottom, which is where the tree gets its name. It transplants easily when small and is ideally suited for growing in a nursery. Q.I have a silver maple tree. The grayish-black bark is furrowed with shallow, narrow ridges forming a regular diamond pattern. Silver maples (Acer saccharinum) is the only maple with peeling bark. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. Read on for information about maple tree decline treatment. If planted too closely to a foundation or sidewalk, the roots can cause upheaval of the walkway and crack foundation masonry. The tree remains protected by healthy inner layers, while long strips of silvery outer bark shed and reveal reddish brown bark beneath. Many ants surround the tree and yellow jackets were attracted to the area until I sprayed and removed the wood. Silver maple is native throughout Iowa. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. The silver maple tree is the fastest growing type of maple, making it ideal for planting in landscaping projects. Dark brown bleeding sap seen dripping down the trunk surface of a silver maple tree. Figure 1. Is this a problem? bleeding area is the location where bark is cankered. I removed the wooden timbers and noticed the dirt around the tree is very hard and is about 14 inches thick. Given a gentle breeze, the silvery undersides of silver maple leaves shimmer in sunlight with lovely effect. Nectria cinnabarina canker This maple tree disease can be identified by its pink and black cankers on the bark and typically affects parts of the trunk that were weak or dead. The branches and trunk commonly fork and require careful pruning.

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